These spiders are real hunters and have excellent eyesight. They are rather big and are easily spotted on places in the sun, often at damp places. If you spot spiders speeding away on the ground and several spiders have white sacs attached to their spinnerets at the back of their body you can be sure you deal with wolf spiders.
The majority of the genera carry their eggs in an egg sac attached at the back of their abdomen. Some genera (Arctosa, Trochosa and Alopecosa) keep their eggs under the ground in web coated holes or tubes. The youngsters crawl on top of the abdomen of the mother and stay there until they change their skin for the first time. The female spider is a creature with a variable temper. Notorious for her rapacious activities, she displays solicitude for her eggs and young that can scarcely be met by any other spider. Her egg-sac, attached to her spinnerets, is a precious thing she will defend with her life. Her instinct is very powerful but she also can be easily fooled. When her egg sac is changed for something artificial, like a piece of cork or a wad of paper or cotton, she also will defend the artificial sac with her life. After two or three weeks, her young develop to a point where they can leave the sac. The mother bite open the sac and within a few hours all the young has climbed on the abdomen where they will stay until their first change of skin. During that time the mother will engage her normal hunting activities with her young tightly attached to her body. When the young are brushed from her body they will crawl back very quickly. In the time the young are attached at the body of their mother they do not eat. Their bodies are supplied with enough food to live during this period. The youngsters do drink water during their stay by drinking dewdrops in the morning.
Genus Artoria and Artoriopsis
|Artoria mckayi by Robert Whyte||Artoriopsis expolita by Robert Whyte|
|Hoggicosa bicolor NT by Robert and Leoni Read|
In Australia ten species are described in this genus.
Hoggicosa bicolor is one of the spectacular wolf spiders in Australia.The spider is common in arid zones and can be found Western NSW, NT, WA, SA, QLD.
|Hoggicosa bicolor WA by Darryl Clune|
|Hoggicosa bicolor WA by Darryl Clune||Hoggicosa bicolor WA by Ray Smith|
|Hoggicosa castanea (alfi?) by Kate Daymon, Leinster WA||Hoggicosa castanea by Kate Daymon, Leinster WA|
|The spider lives in a borrow underground. The borrow is closed with a door making the hole almost invisible. The lid can be seen at the picture under the left hind leg of the spider.
Hoggicosa castanea occurs in the southern states of Australia
Genus Lycosa, Pardosa, Arctosa
|Lycosa godeffroyi||Lycosa godeffroyi|
|Lycosidae ZZ130, Halls Gap, Victoria||Lycosidae ZZ130, Halls Gap, Victoria|
|Lycosa furcillata, male, Giru, Queensland||Lycosa furcillata, female with youngsters|
|Lycosa musgravei, Marabee, Queensland||Lycosa musgravei, Marabee, Queensland|
|Lycosidae ZZ142, Crampians, Victoria||Lycosidae ZZ145, Warrnabool, Victoria|
|Pardosa ZZ144, Warrnambool, Victoria||Lycosa pictiventris, Brisbane, Queensland|
|Lycosa ZZ160, Carnavon, Queensland||Lycosa ZZ160, Carnavon, Queensland|
|Arctosa? ZZ141, Crampians, Victoria||Arctosa? ZZ141, Crampians, Victoria|
|Lycosa ZZ359 Brisbane||Lycosa ZZ359 Brisbane|
|Lycosa ZZ567 NSW||Lycosa ZZ567 NSW|
|Tetralycosa oraria VIC by Lachlan Knowles|
|Tetralycosa oraria, beach wolf spider, is mainly found on beaches and sand dunes along the southern coast of mainland Australia VIC, SA, NSW, WA and Tasmania|
|Tetralycosa oraria VIC by Lachlan Knowles|
|The spider is common in and around Perth.|
|Venator immansueta WA|
|The white dot on the tail is characteristic for this genus.The spider measures 3-4 mm.
The spider spins a sheet web without a retreat. The spiders hunt on the ground.
Females attach a sherical egg-sac to their spinnerets and the young are carried on the abdomen of the female.
|Venonia micarioides VIC|
|Venonia micarioides VIC||Venonia micarioides VIC|
|Lycosid ZZ448 by Wendy Eiby||Lycosid ZZ336 by Colin Halliday|
|Lycosid ZZ270 by Jurgen Otto||Lycosid ZZ270 by Jurgen Otto|
|Lycosid ZZ550 by Robert Whyte||Lycosid ZZ515 by Robert Whyte|
Identification of wolf spiders is difficult from only a picture. At the moment the genera of wolf spider are revised and genus names are added often.
In 2011 a good reference site for Australian wolfspider is from Volker Framenau here: http://www.lycosidae.info/identification/australia/
Ed Nieuwenhuys, 20 january 2012
20 january 2011, 28 june 2010, januari 4, 2009, march 2005, Ronald Loggen 1997
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