Spiders from Europe, Australia and other
This site contains
over 4000 pictures of European and
Australian spiders and information about them.
The European spiders were mainly found in The Netherlands and France. The
Australian spiders were for the greater part found in Queensland and in
lesser amounts in the Northern Territory, Western Australia, New South Wales
and Victoria. The European spider site can be read in English, Dutch, and
some pages in Esperanto, the Australian pages are English.
There is a section about the
common biology of the spider, and
the venomity of spiders.
The spiders are
identified from the pictures to avoid killing the spider. Therefore there
may be errors in the determination.
Due to constant renaming and
moving spiders between families some names may be outdated.
Many people helped me in
supplying pictures and correcting errors.
Before 2005 the pictures were digitized with a Nikon Coolscan III from
negatives or color slides. Between 2005 and 2019 the pictures are digital images made
with a Minolta Dynax 7D with 100 mm macro lens. Since 2018 a Canon 550D or
6D with a 100 mm or the MP-E
65 mm 5x macro lens are used.
combination with Arduino's and Raspberry Pi's is the new hobby for many
The word- and fibonacci-clocks are the result of a study of
ATMEGA-chips using all kind of electronic parts and connecting all kind of devices, controls and displays
using the language C for programming.
I worked in a immunological diagnostic and research laboratory. Some
spin-off programs and information can be found at the lower part of this
page or on Github.
Below you can also find an entry to the life and works of my grandfather
Hein de Bruin
Klaverjassen is a Dutch card game. The program below is an adaption of the
original game and has to be played with two persons. In this case you
against the computer. All programs are free of charge or what so ever.
This page was revised by Ed Nieuwenhuys: 10 March 2020