Peacock spider, Maratus volans
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Jumping spiders are often very colourful spiders. Maratus volans is not an exception.
The cephalothorax (head-breast part) and legs are usually dark brown to black with red stripes but the greenish upper abdomen is patterned with red and blue stripes.
The male spider has two rounded skin-like flaps on either side of his abdomen that are folded down close against the sides of the body, like a shawl, when not in use.
|The spider's courtship behaviour is comparable with the European Saitis barbipes. The name of the peacock spider was changed a few times. From Attus volans to Saitis volans and recently to Maratus volans.
Like many other Australian common spiders the genus name was given by European arachnologists more than a century ago. After detailed studying many Australian spiders are found not to be related to European spiders and will undergo name changes.
Maratus volans has a few common names: flying spider, gliding spider and the preferred name peacock spider.
Although volans in its name suggest the spider can fly, it actually does not use its flaps to extend the distance of its jump. He uses the abdominal flaps only for courtship and displays them like a peacock.
|Under side (ventral)|
Literature and more information:
Two nice documentaries from Jurgen Otto
The complete set of Maratus volans pictures from Jurgen Otto: http://www.flickr.com/photos/59431731@N05/sets/72157625910288895/
- Spiders, Barbara York Main, 1976, ISBN 0 00 2165576 7
- Australian spiders, Keith C. McKeown, 1952
- Debunking an urban myth: The jumping spider Maratus cannot fly!, Julianne M. Waldock, 2008
- Euophryine jumping spiders that extend their third legs during courtship, David Edwin Hill, PECKHAMIA 74.1, 9 August 2009, 1-27
- Maratus vespertilio from southern Australia, Jürgen C. Otto and David E. Hill , PECKHAMIA 92.1, 12 July 2011, 1―6
- An illustrated review of the known peacock spiders of the genus Maratus from Australia, with description of a new species, Jürgen C. Otto and David E. Hill, PECKHAMIA 96.1, 1 December 2011, 1―27
- Notes on Maratus Karsch 1878 and related jumping spiders from Australia, with five new speciesJürgen C. Otto and David E. Hill, PECKHAMIA 103.1, 4 November 2012, 1―81
- Article Catalogue of the Australian peacock spiders-PECKHAMIA_148.1 with complete Peacock spiders until 2017
All Maratus volans images copyright Jürgen OttoEd Nieuwenhuys, Jurgen Otto, 18 nov 2017